work

Experts agree that professionals of the future should combine technological and analytical skills with soft skills. They assert that professions which require repetitive, simple tasks will be the most threatened by the rise of technology – and may disappear within a few years. On the other hand, there are two trends that will remain strong: ‘high tech’ professions, which demand high expertise and technological impact; and ‘high touch’ professions, with intense human contact and impact.

 

High tech and high touch professions will coexist in the new economy

High tech

Engineers, doctors, architects, technology professionals and industrial production. They work with new technologies and must know how to analyze data, seek efficiency and productivity for their companies. These activities tend to be mobile or performed remotely.

High touch

Personal trainers, caregivers of the elderly and children, leisure, health and well-being professionals who have good relationship and communication skills. They will use new technologies, but their presence in the work environment will continue to be important.

Most of these professions already exist, and all of them will be impacted by new business and work models, technologies, and changes in our way of life. A teacher, for example, will have his or her activity transformed by e-learning, and must adapt to facilitate student learning, exchanging ideas and proposing paths, rather than ‘holding’ knowledge. Below is a list of professions that should gain more space on the job market in the coming years:

Data Scientist – extracts and analyzes data to be applied to new products and processes across industries and sectors.

Digital expert – searches for evidence of digital crimes, such as data theft and attacks on servers on the Internet.

Sustainability strategist – monitors and plans the sustainability path for companies and organizations. By using and tracking data, can oversee HR policies and environmental impact, as well as vendors’ and communities’ relationships.

Blockchain expert – brings and implements the blockchain technology to company products and services, besides helping to educate their teams with this innovation.

Distance learning facilitator – guides and monitors students’ on-line learning, promoting the exchange of knowledge rather than just teaching classes.

Robot coordinator – monitors robots in industrial plants, makes routine and emergency maintenance.

Manager of mobile teams – guides professionals working in different geographies and schedules, defining strategies and joint goals and tracking results.

Mobile service technician – remotely and real time controls the operation of machines and equipment, identifying problems before they even happen.

Half of the world’s population lives on USD 2 a day or less. The 8th UN Sustainable Development Goal promotes decent work for all.

Photo: UNDP

Robots taking humans jobs in Europe, a slave market in Libya, child labor in Brazil, youth unemployment in Spain…our society is globally affected by job insecurity and vulnerability. While the global unemployment rate stands at 5.7 per cent, having a job doesn’t guarantee decent conditions and earnings. Young women are the most vulnerable group, with a larger chance to be neither in employment nor in education.

This situation affects the global political and economic stability – labor productivity has been slowing down since 2010, which represents a negative living standard and real wages progress worldwide. Indirectly, it will affect human impact on the environment, education levels, violence, and migration. It’s all connected.

Yet, there are good news. Despite remaining a huge concern, the number of working children has declined from 246 million in 2000 to 168 million in 2012, and it’s even better for girls with a 40% decline versus 25% for boys.

According to the UNDP, better labor conditions require access to financial services and aid for trade. The former has increased by 55 per cent in the last five years, while investment in trade-related infrastructure, banking and agriculture has reached USD 53.9 billion in 2015. Trust funds for the least developed countries are also running their second phase now up to 2022.

In addition to the work of governments and transnational institutions, the creation of quality jobs still remains one of the biggest challenges for all economies. Many organizations are working to qualify people and provide them with skills and access to better jobs.

One of Horyou’s active organizations devoted to the SDG 8 is Association Flamme de la Gloire. Based in Morocco, it provides support and social services to vulnerable communities. Through workshops and internships, it helps to improve the quality of access to work. It is focused on the development of tourism and cultural activities, as well as agricultural cooperatives within the country, constantly concerned with the sustainable aspects of these activities.

In Brazil, NOUS Educare provides educational development programs to strengthen human potential, based on anthroposophy. Through workshops, lectures and activities, it helps its participants to gain confidence, strength and skills to face the new labor scenario which is unfolding for all workers.

If you wish to support this SDG, you can do so through Horyou. Go to Horyou platform and choose an NGO or project that helps promote decent work and economic growth in your region or anywhere in the world. Your support can be made easier and more effective with Spotlight, our digital currency for impact. Check it out and start using it to engage in any cause you feel concerned about. Be the change, be Horyou!

Step 1 – End Poverty in All its Forms, Everywhere Horyou’s new series is about the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Every week, Horyou blog will publish an article about one of them, highlighting projects and actions that have been supporting its implementation.

Women in East Timor counts with NGO help. Females are one of the groups most affected by poverty. Source UNDP.
Women in East Timor counts with NGO help. Females are one of the groups most affected by poverty. Source UNDP.

Valeria is a Peruvian woman who struggles to support her family. A single mom with 2 small children and a sick parent who lives with her, she works as a waitress in a restaurant during the day and in a bar at night. She only has 4 hours sleep every night, yet her income is only enough to pay the rent of her room and some basic expenses. «Luckily, I can bring home some food from the restaurant and I can feed my daughters. But I can’t buy them clothes or books», she says.

Like Valeria, about 10% of the world’s workers and their families live with less than $1,90 per person per day. According to the UN, the rate has declined steadily in the past 17 years, though an estimated 767 million people still live below the poverty line. About one third is unprotected by their national and regional social systems.

Interactions and Solidarity project in Kenya
Interactions and Solidarity project in Kenya

When the UN Sustainable Development Goals were launched in January 2016, following the 15-year Millenium Development Goals, poverty was still one of the worst concerns in the developing and poor regions. For decades, institutions, NGOs and social entrepreneurs have developed support programs to take the poorer ones out of their condition and offer them perspective and hope.

Within the Horyou community and on its platform, NGOs like InterActions-Solidarity focus on poverty reduction and environment projects in Kenya. Based on the demands of each community, they provide support in the implementation of solidarity and socio-economic, eco-tourism and food safety programs. «We’ve seen an increase of productivity and profitability of farming and grazing activities respecting the environment, and with the sustainable management of natural resources», says the NGO spokesperson.

SER Sustentável works with homeless people from Brazil
SER Sustentável works with homeless people from Brazil

Other organizations like SER Sustentável, based in Brazil, help homeless people with addiction to alcohol or crack cocaine to step up and reintegrate life with dignity. The organizations also acts in poor communities providing them with sustainable housing and training support. «We want to reintegrate them in the society through work and income, offering workshops that would help them to find jobs», says Silvana Grandi, SER Sustentável president.

If you wish to support this SDG, you can do so through Horyou. Go to Horyou platform and choose an NGO or project that helps fight poverty in your region or anywhere in the world. Your support can be made easier and more effective with Spotlight, our digital currency for impact. Check it out and start using it to impact the Cause of poverty or any cause you feel concerned about. Be the change, be Horyou!

The EU launched a report with the latest results on employment and social situation in the region, bringing hope to the youth and all workers

The EU reported that employment continues to grow at a consistent pace in almost all Member States
The EU reported that employment continues to grow at a consistent pace in almost all Member States

Good news for workers, young and old within the EU. The European Commission has just reported that employment continues to grow at a consistent pace in almost all Member States, with an overall increase of 1,5%. More particularly, the Quarterly Review of Employment and Social Developments in Europe highlights the improved situation for the younger generation as for the first time, the Youth Unemployment Rate reached a pre-2008 crisis level. Despite being still very high, 16,9%, the rate decreased steadily and faster that overall unemployment, which reached 7,6% in the EU and 9,1% in the euro zone.

Marianne Thyssen, Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility, commented: “The results are encouraging. More people than ever before in Europe have a job and unemployment has reached a nine-year low. And we see 2.2 million more employees with permanent contracts compared to last year. We need to continue on this path and improve the economic and social conditions for all. With the European Pillar of Social Rights, we have our roadmap towards well-functioning and fair labour markets that are fit for purpose in the 21st century. We would like to see it proclaimed together by Parliament, Council and Commission at the Social Summit in Gothenburg on 17 November 2017.”

Marianne Thyssen, Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility
Marianne Thyssen, Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility

The income of households has also shown improvement with a greater income coming from work, while the increase in social benefits came to a halt.

On 26 April 2017, the European Commission presented the European Pillar of Social Rights, which sets out 20 key principles and rights to support fair and well-functioning labour markets and welfare systems. By this time, the Commission presented a legislative proposal to improve work-life balance of working parents and carers, and launched social partner consultations to modernise the rules on labour contracts and on access to social protection.

“If we want to avoid social fragmentation and social dumping in Europe, then Member States should agree on the European Pillar of Social Rights as soon as possible and at the latest at the Gothenburg summit in November.”, said Jean-Claude Juncker, EU Commission President.

The United Nations Development Program, in partnership with “MEGA Silk Way”, Künde, “Public association of disabled people “Bakyt” and the Medical Center of Mental Health, have organized a crowdfunding campaign to open a coffee shop in Astana that promotes the integration of people with special needs. The coffee shop is Künde Café, an inclusive socially responsible café in Astana, Kazakhstan.

Students of Nazarbayev University promote events to raise funds and awareness to the project
Students of Nazarbayev University promote events to raise funds and awareness to the project

Künde Café is an innovative social entrepreneurship projects that offers work opportunities to people with mental or special development needs, in order to better integrate them in society.

The project started one year ago in collaboration with the Astana Medical Center of Mental Health, providing opportunities to people with special needs who are part of the Medical Industrial Workshops. One of the partners is Künde, a network comprised of 102 workshop personnel, their parents and friends, as well as psychologists and psychiatrists, along with students of Nazarbayev University and catering professionals.

Besides raising funds for the project, the campaign aims to increase awareness of the issues that people with mental and development needs face everyday. A concert was held within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), whose core message is to ‘Leave No One Behind’ and thus help provide good health and well-being, decent work and economic growth, and reduce inequalities, wherever they are needed.

Promotion piece about the café
Promotion piece about the café

“When given an opportunity, people with special needs can become fully included into the society, and bring in transformative ideas, great knowledge and a wealth of experience. UNDP has been working to create and promote such opportunities for people with special needs for a long time and in over 170 countries around the world“, stated UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative, Norimasa Shimomura.

“My aim is to work in the social café, get on my feet, make money, and improve my quality of life. I want to achieve all of that by myself. I would like to create a family. My goal is to achieve all of that and not give up,” declared Kuanysh Nogaibayev, one of the future workers at Künde Café.

To date, approximately 600,000 people with special mental needs live in Kazakhstan. Less than 3% of those people have jobs. When launched, Künde Café will give them an opportunity to provide for themselves and their families, to socialize, and to successfully integrate into society.

If you would like to support this campaign, become a part of Künde’s success story, and be a donor, go to this link.

News from Astana is a content project by Horyou, the social network for social good and host of SIGEF 2017, the Social Innovation and Global Ethics Forum. The 4th edition of SIGEF will take place in Astana, Kazakhstan, from 5-7 September.

Centre de récupération et de formation des enfants orphelins en RD Congo
Centre de récupération et de formation des enfants orphelins en RD Congo

L’Union des jeunes pour le développement du pays des Grands Lacs est une association de développement à but non lucratif basée au Congo.

L’idée de la création de l’UJDPGL est venue suite à la mauvaise politique frontalière des pays dans la région des Grands Lacs africains qui générait le chômage et la pauvreté des jeunes, incitant la jeunesse à la haine, au tribalisme et à la séparation, au détriment de la paix, la coopération, le développement durable et la stabilité.

L’association UJDPGL a pour rayon d’action la région des Grands Lacs africains en particulier en République démocratique du Congo, actuellement dans les huit territoires et la ville de Bukavu qui composent la province du Sud-Kivu. L’association travaille pour la promotion de la paix, des droits humain, de l’éducation, de la santé et la sécurité, en développant des projets alimentaires, d´environnement, de l’emploi, de l’entrepreneuriat, des arts et loisirs. Sa vision est de pouvoir offrir à la jeunesse des pays de la CIRGL un espace de réflexion et de concertation pour un changement positif et un développement durable, et pour promouvoir une société équitable.

Pouvez-vous nous en dire un peu plus sur vos activités?

Les activités de l’UJDPGL ciblent au premier plan les jeunes. L’UJDPGL vient aussi au secours des personnes défavorisées, notamment les orphelins, les veufs, les handicapés, le troisième âge, les enfants, les déplacées internes, les refugiés, les femmes victimes de viol et violences.

Pouvez-vous nous en dire en peu plus sur la sensibilisation de la jeunesse?

La sensibilisation des jeunes au sein de l’UJDPGL porte dans la plupart des cas sur les préoccupations du moment qui risquent de mettre en doute le présent et compromettre l’avenir de tout un peuple.

Avez-vous un projet que vous espérez mettre en place prochainement et dont vous souhaiteriez nous parler?

Le projet que nous espérons mettre en œuvre prochainement sera à deux volets : le premier portera sur l’éducation des jeunes sur la citoyenneté, le civisme, les élections et la démocratie. Le deuxième portera sur la création des centres d’apprentissage des métiers et d’insertion socio-économique des jeunes.

Marche pacifique des jeunes à Bukavu, samedi le 28 mai 2016, pour revendiquer le respect de la constitution de la République Démocratique du Congo
Marche pacifique des jeunes à Bukavu, samedi le 28 mai 2016, pour revendiquer le respect de la constitution de la République Démocratique du Congo

Que pensez-vous d’Horyou et de sa communauté dont vous êtes un membre actif ? Qu’est ce que la plateforme vous apporte dans le cadre de votre action?

Dans le cadre de nos actions Horyou et sa communauté nous accompagnent pour la visibilité de notre organisation et le partage des informations avec d’autres membres.

La philosophie d’Horyou s’articule autour de valeurs universelles que nous retrouvons dans le slogan « Dream, Inspire, Act ». Qu’est ce que ces 3 mots évoquent pour vous et votre organisation?

Le slogan « Dream, Inspire, Act » nous enseigne que nos actions doivent être inspirées par nos rêves. Autrement dit, nous devons agir selon l’inspiration de nos rêves.

Si vous pouviez partager un message avec l’ensemble des membres de la communauté Horyou, quel serait-il?

Paix, démocratie, environnement, développement durable, opportunités, soutien aux jeunes.

Écrit par Edriana Oliveira Major

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