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Una red global para la innovación a través del aprendizaje y la colaboración, los Fab Labs son espacios de pura creatividad y tecnología. Ahí, uno puede fabricar casi cualquier cosa y generar impactos positivos ambientales, sociales o incluso ayudar a crear nuevas formas de pensar en nuestro mundo. Visitamos Fab Lab Barcelona, el primero de la Unión Europea, y entrevistamos a uno de sus creadores.

Working space Fab LAB Barcelona

Caminando entre mesas de trabajo, talleres de carpintería e impresoras 3D, tuve la impresión de estar en un hueco entre el pasado, un tiempo en que producíamos con nuestras manos todo lo que necesitábamos, y el futuro, el tiempo en que llegaríamos a transformar nuestros sueños e ideas en realidad palpable. En el Fab Lab Barcelona el idioma común es la curiosidad y la voluntad de repensar el mundo en que vivimos. En uno de los hubs disruptivos más importantes de Europa, el distrito de innovación de Poblenou, conversé con Tomas Diez, el director de Fab City Research Lab y uno de los creadores de Fab Lab Barcelona.

Cuál es la historia del Fab Lab?

El primer Fab Lab del mundo aparece el Boston en 2002, como resultado de cooperación entre MIT and National Science Foundation, y a partir de diferentes coincidencias se ha convertido en una red global. El Fab Lab Barcelona es el primero de la Unión Europea, abrimos en Marzo del 2017. Cuándo abrimos, habían diez Fab Labs en el mundo, hoy hay 1200.

Los Fab Labs son una franquicia?

No, es una red que se identifica con una serie de valores comunes, luego tiene cierto nivel de curadoría de lo que son los espacios, sobretodo en el tipo de tecnología que hay en ellos a través de un inventario común. En esta red hay también eventos comunes, cada año nos reunimos en una ciudad del mundo para hacer una conferencia mundial de Fab Labs, y luego una serie de proyectos para que los Fab Labs empiecen a tener impacto mucho más allá de lo que está relacionado con su existencia. Por lo tanto, los Fab Labs son espacios de aprendizaje y de producción cultural más que de producción fisica. Y ahora los veo como espacios que empiezan a crear proyectos que tienen la misión de generar cambios.

Puedes dar un ejemplo del tema de cambio de impacto social o ambiental?

Para mi la misión fundamental del Fab Lab es cambiar primero como funciona nuestro sistema productivo, como lo convertimos de un sistema extractivo a un sistema regenerativo a través de la economía circular o espiral, y por otro lado generar otro tipo de impacto social que vaya más allá de simplemente impacto económico puro y duro del PIB, que no sea un impacto de caridad sino que vaya dirigido al empoderamiento. Y eso a través del conocimiento, de la alfabetización digital, que ya no incluya solamente un ordenador, un móvil, una plataforma digital, sino también herramientas de fabricación digital para solucionar problemas y necesidades locales. En la trayectoria de una persona en un Fab Lab vemos que este nivel de empoderamiento ya empieza a cambiar el chip de las personas de esta idea de ‘aprender algo para que alguién me emplee’, a tener un trabajo para ser parte de las cosas como son, para empezar a crear el mundo que uno quiere. Es por eso que han salido de aqui estudiantes de todas partes del mundo que empiezan otros Fab Labs, porque creen poder generar proyectos que no tienen solamente impacto económico, sino también ambiental y social. Y sobre todo gente que sale con una filosofía de trabajo muy diferente, colaborativa y más abierta.

El Fab Lab Barcelona es también una escuela?

Si, el Fab Lab Barcelona esta dentro del Instituto de Arquitectura Avanzada de Cataluña, que tiene programas educativos principalmente a nivel de Másters, de Arquitectura, Diseño, Ciudades, que conectan la tecnología con diferentes disciplinas y hacen una investigación un poco más profunda. El Fab Lab, a parte de servir a estos Masters, tiene también su própia agenda complementaria para generar impacto social y también de albergar iniciativas y proyectos en esta dirección. Esto significa retar los sistemas de producción de alimentos, de energía, de datos, la distribución de bienes; nos interesa mucho el tema de criptomonedas, por ejemplo, de inteligencia artificial, biomateriales… Estamos abriendo muchas líneas de investigación a través de proyectos Europeos y multidisciplinarios.

[El Fab Lab Barcelona tiene un programa intensivo de aprendizaje que enseña a estudiantes de todo el mundo a diseñar, fabricar prototipos y a inventar casi cualquier cosa usando herramientas y tecnologías digitales. Las inscripciones están abiertas y el programa empieza en Enero de 2018!]


Fab Lab – Learning for Innovation and Social Impact

A global network for innovation through learning and collaboration, the Fab Labs are spaces of pure creativity and technology. There, one can make almost anything and generate positive environmental and social impact or even help create new ways of thinking about our world. We visited Fab Lab Barcelona, the first in the European Union, and interviewed one of its creators.

Walking between worktables, carpentry workshops and 3D printers, I had the impression that I was in a slit between the past, a time when we were producing with our hands everything we needed, and the future, the time when we would come to transform our dreams and ideas into a palpable reality. In Fab Lab Barcelona the common language is curiosity and the will to rethink the world in which we live. In one of the most important disruptive hubs in Europe, Poblenou’s innovation district, I spoke with Tomas Diez, director of Fab City Research Lab and one of the creators of Fab Lab Barcelona. . What is the story of Fab Lab?

The world’s first Fab Lab appeared in Boston in 2002, as a result of a cooperation between MIT and the National Science Foundation; diverse coincidences eventually turned the concept into a global network. Fab Lab Barcelona, which opened in March 2017, was first in the European Union. When we opened it there were ten Fab Labs in the world, today there are 1200.

Fab Labs are a franchise?

No, it is a network that identifies itself with a series of common values, then it has a certain level of curatorship of what those spaces stand for, especially in the type of technology that exists in them through a common inventory. In this network there are also joint events, each year we meet in a different city to hold a world conference of Fab Labs, and examine a series of projects with an impact far beyond what is related to their existence. So Fab Labs are areas of learning and cultural production rather than physical production. And now I see them as spaces that begin to create projects that have the mission of generating change.

Can you give an example of social change or environmental impact?

For me the first and fundamental mission of Fab Lab is to change how our productive system works, as we convert it from an extractive system to a regenerative system through the circular or spiral economy; secondly to generate another type of social impact that goes beyond the simple pure and hard economic impact of GDP, which is not an impact of charity but is aimed at empowerment. And that is through knowledge and digital literacy, which no longer are only comprised of a computer, a mobile phone and a digital platform but also manufactures digital tools to solve local problems and needs. In the trajectory of a person in a Fab Lab we see that this level of empowerment already begins to change people. They chip this idea of “learning something so that someone can employ me”, of having a job to be part of things as they are, to have an opening, or that “it can be a shock too”, to start creating the world they want. That’s why students from all over the world are starting Fab Labs because they believe they can generate projects that have not only economic but also environmental and social impact. And above all, they are people who come out with a very different collaborative, more open, work philosophy.

Fab Lab Barcelona is also a school?

Yes, Fab Lab Barcelona is part of the Institute of Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, which has educational programs mainly at the level of Masters, Architecture, Design, Cities, which connect technology with different disciplines and do a little more in-depth research. Fab Lab, apart from serving these Masters, also has its own complementary agenda to generate social impact and also to host initiatives and projects in this direction. However, to challenge the systems of food production, energy, data, distribution of goods, we are very interested in the issue of cryptomonitoring, for example, artificial intelligence, biomaterials… we are overcoming many lines of research through the European and multidisciplinary project.

Fab Lab Barcelona has a six-month intensive learning program that teaches students from around the world to design, prototype and invent almost anything using digital tools and technologies. Registration is open and the program starts in January 2018!

Barcelona is hosting its 8th annual Corporate Social Responsibility Week, an event which connects the public sector to companies and non-profit organizations to discuss the recent developments in CSR. Horyou team has visited the venue and reports on some success stories.

8th CSR Week Barcelona took place from 14th to 18th November

What can a food bank do about global warming? Why should a healthcare and beauty products industry career coach unemployed women? Those are merely signs that CSR is pushing companies to go beyond their backyard. We all find profit in a better world.

The 8th edition of the annual CSR Week in Barcelona was an indication that many companies are trying to run the extra mile through their environmental and social actions. On a panel titled «Conferencias Soc-Eco-Amb», held on Tuesday, four organizations from very diverse industries showcased their actions.

Miguel Ángel Trabado, Henkel Beauty and Healthcare regional head of Professional Partnership Services (PPS), shared the «Fundación Quiero Trabajo» experience inaugurated this year. The project provides hairdressing, clothing, styling and professional coaching to unemployed women, helping them to recover from a job loss and restore their self-confidence. So far, 53 women have received assessment and advice, and 71% have found a new job. «It’s important to notice that most of the work is done by volunteers, and the great majority are women as well», he said. It is a global project that has produced remarkable results in Spain, with a high rate of successful job placements.

Speaking for Metro de Madrid on its recently launched CSR Policy, in line with the 11th and 13th UN Sustainable Development Goals on Sustainable Cities and Climate Action respectively, Monica Mariscal insisted on the company’s commitment to invest in innovation and technology in order to deliver the best user travel experience. Metro de Madrid is thus reusing 80% of its consumed water and, in 2017, it will reduce by 25% its energy consumption. Insisting on the responsibility to cater for the vast diversity of its users, she disclosed that «From a social perspective, the company has a commitment to diversity, and is building accessible stations and training both employees and people with disability to better use the metro». The goal is to have 73% of all stations accessible to people with disability by 2030.

Ana Gonzales talks about the CSR and Environment projects in Caprabo

As for the national supermarket chain Caprabo and its microdonations program, it is striving to reduce food waste, as well as to support people in need. Hence, the company donate small quantities of its unsold products – a pack of eggs in which just one is broken, for instance -, to non-profit organizations or food banks. This sounds simple but it requires some logistics in relation to food preservation and employee training to send out only items that are safe for consumption. According to Ana Gonzales, in charge of CSR and Environment for Caprabo, «The program is a success as it helps to feed 788 families per year. It also reduces food waste by more than 2,000 tons».

Caprabo micro donations go to organizations like Banc dels Aliments de Barcelona, a food bank that provides 18,000 tons of food to 137,000 people in Catalonia. In addition to putting meals on needy families tables, the organization has recently signed an agreement with the public sector by which it is working on reducing CO2 emissions. According to Joan Bosch, Economic Resources Coordinator, it is an extra challenge they are happy to take. «We have changed all our lamps to LED and are looking forward to reducing our emissions by more than 2,300 tons of CO2 in 2017», he stated. It is all done thanks to volunteering work and donations, and we aim higher each year. «Poverty is more intense and chronic than ever. We cover only 27% of families in need, and we expect to improve this number and the quality of what people are eating», he added. It will be done, of course, with lower emissions and the tireless commitment to building a better society.

The 6th United Nation Sustainable Development Goal is about providing clean and safe access to the most precious liquid on earth for all.

Water and Sanitation for all. Photo: UNDP Philippines

Two years ago, a major environmental disaster struck Brazil – the liquid waste reservoir of the mining company Samarco burst, wiping out a village, killing 11 people and poisoning the waters of the Rio Doce, a water source that supplies two Brazilian states. The riverside population and fishermen have been facing difficult times since. The water is still unsafe to drink, and the iron contamination has exterminated the local fauna. Scientists predict it would take 100 years for the river to fully recover from the catastrophe. And what of the fundamental right to a safe source of water? The question remains unanswered and it’s an everyday struggle for all communities to exercise their right to satisfy this basic need.

The 6th UN Sustainable Development Goal aims to provide access to safe water and sanitation and sound management of freshwater ecosystems for all by 2030. Both are essential to human health, as well as to environmental sustainability and economic prosperity.

The UNDP reports that over 90 per cent of the world’s population uses improved drinking water sources and over two-thirds use improved sanitation facilities. Yet, most rural areas in underdeveloped countries have to cope with the lack of both, and the resulting bad health consequences. «Achieving universal access to basic sanitation and ending the unsafe practice of open defecation will require substantial acceleration of progress», says the report published in 2017.

A fourth of global population lives in countries with water stress, meaning they are vulnerable to future water scarcity by not having enough renewable sources. Countries in Northern Africa and Western Asia already face severe water stress. This is a matter of public policy; however, the participation of other actors, including organizations and local communities, is key to effective water and sanitation management.

WESDE trains health agents to act within communities

Within our Horyou community, the organization WESDE – Water, Energy and Sanitation for Development is very active in providing integrated water resources management, sanitation and health education in Cameroon. WESDE acts in both rural and urban areas, supporting the most vulnerable populations with information and resources for development.

Another member of the Horyou platform, EAA Burundi, created in 1988, is active in more than 35 African countries, as well as in Israel. It helps supply drinking water, using innovative solutions like dry latrines and simplified sewer networks, while supporting the communities through agricultural, financial and development projects.

If you wish to support this SDG, you can do so through Horyou. Go to Horyou platform and choose an NGO or project that helps promote water and sanitation in your region or anywhere in the world. Your support can be made easier and more effective with Spotlight, our digital currency for impact. Check it out and start using it to engage in any cause you feel concerned about. Be the change, be Horyou!

The Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES), an event co-organized by the United States Government and the Republic of India, will take place in Hyderabad, India, on 28-30 November. This year, it will highlight the theme Women First, Prosperity for All, and focus on supporting women entrepreneurs and fostering economic growth globally.

Acting Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asian Affairs Alice Wells delivers opening remarks at the U.S.-India Business Council Road to GES Entrepreneurship Conclave, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (Photo: U.S. Chamber of Commerce)

A strong group of entrepreneurs, government officials and impact investing actors will attend the event, reflecting the GES diversity of cultures and expertise. The Summit aims to foster the conditions that empower innovators to take their ideas to the next level. Horyou will present aspects of its experience as a social network for social good, in resonance with this inspiring social innovation initiative. Yonathan Parienti, founder and CEO of Horyou, has been invited by the US State Department and its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in Geneva to attend the GES and speak for the network on the topic of “Go For It: Tapping Alternative Financing Solutions”. Before the international attendees, he will share his vision and perspective around the launch of Spotlight, the first digital currency for impact that supports philanthropy and economic inclusion.

With Spotlight, as well as its many other events and initiatives, and Foundation, Horyou supports the implementation of the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, while aiming to provide philanthropic support to millions of social entrepreneurs, women, youth and social good projects.

Horyou founder and CEO Yonathan Parienti with members of the US State Department from the US Mission in Geneva

«It is a great credit to our efforts to be given such a unique opportunity to share with this international audience the disruptive innovations we have been working on over the past few years at Horyou to further social good and to set up more harmonious conditions for economic inclusion», says Mr. Parienti. «Horyou, the social network for social good, has many stories to disclose about inspiring women, with our member organizations, whose initiatives lead by example in shaping a better future for their communities », he adds.

The Global Entrepreneurship Summit is one of the most important annual entrepreneurship gatherings in the world in that it showcases the efforts of both emerging and developed countries to answer the challenge of furthering joint business opportunities worldwide. GES 2017 aims to create an empowering environment for innovators, especially women, to take their ideas to the next level. The Right Honorable Prime Minister of India, Mr. Narendra Modi, is expected to inaugurate the Summit on 28 November 2017 and Mrs. Ivanka Trump, advisor to the President of the United States on advancing policies and initiatives for women empowerment, is due to lead the US delegation. As she recently reminded the World Assembly for Women in Tokyo: «Ensuring 50% of our population can fully participate in the workforce is critical to strengthen our communities and grow our prosperity».

Ivanka Trump at the World Assembly for Women in Tokyo

GES participants will be supported by mentors and coaches, through workshops and networking sessions, and will be provided with opportunities to meet funders, build partnerships and find their target customers. Plenary sessions will highlight businesses led by women and their stories while master classes will discuss innovative topics as Blockchain, Fintech and e-commerce. «It is an amazing ecosystem to be part of and feel inspired by, due to the diversity of its participants. We will be there to speak the language of social entrepreneurship to shape a better future for the generations to come», concludes Yonathan Parienti.

Horyou blog will provide regular GES updates! Be the change, be Horyou!

Um projeto social que surgiu de uma das instituições de ensino executivo mais prestigiadas do Brasil, o Gestão para Entidades da Sociedade Civil (GESC) treina ONGs e outras organizações em técnicas de gestão e negócios. Fundada pela Associação dos Alunos e Ex-Alunos da FIA (AMBA-FIA), a iniciativa fundamenta sua visão nas crenças de que é preciso fortalecer a sociedade civil, e que isso só se faria com um terceiro setor forte; na qualidade de gestão das organizações sociais e no estímulo a empresários para se tornarem empreendedores sociais, contribuindo na construção de uma sociedade inclusiva. Entrevistamos o diretor executivo do Instituto Gesc, Alfredo Santos Júnior.

Aula inaugural para organizações

Quando e como surgiu o projeto Gesc?

Em 1994, um grupo de alunos do primeiro curso de MBA em gestão da Fundação Instituto de Administração, ligadas à Universidade de S. Paulo, fundou uma Associação com o objetivo de auxiliar Organizações da Sociedade Civil quanto ao fortalecimento de sua gestão. Em 1997, a AMBA-FIA criou o programa GESC – Gestão para Entidades da Sociedade Civil, voltado a apoiar as instituições do terceiro setor em sua busca por maior eficácia na gestão, condição básica para o seu desenvolvimento.

Desde então, foram realizadas 72 edições do GESC, que envolveram mais de 800 organizações, capacitaram cerca de 1.400 gestores sociais, contando com o trabalho de aproximadamente 1.150 executivos voluntários. O êxito do programa levou a Associação a criar, em 2004, o Instituto GESC, voltado para coordenar, aplicar e dar escala ao programa.

Quais eram os principais desafios enfrentados pelas organizações apoiadas e como os executivos puderam aplicar sua expertise para solucioná-los?

Era uma época em que o Brasil estava retomando sua normalidade institucional democrática e o que conhecemos como Terceiro Setor, começava a viver um período de grande expansão. A necessidade de ajudar as organizações que já existiam e as que estavam sendo criadas a fortalecer suas práticas de gestão e governança era muito grande.

Os executivos – então alunos e ex-alunos da FIA – puderam se engajar em trabalho voluntário qualificado, ajudando estas organizações com o conhecimento e a experiência adquiridos no dia a dia da gestão empresarial.

Em 20 anos de projetos, quais foram as evoluções observadas na profissionalização do terceiro setor no Brasil?

As organizações da sociedade civil – que conhecemos como o “Terceiro Setor” – evoluíram muito nestes 20 anos, principalmente no que diz respeito a profissionalização de seus quadros de pessoal e da adoção de métodos e práticas de sucesso, trazidas do mundo empresarial.

Há visíveis progressos quanto à gestão financeira, gestão de pessoas, captação de recursos e adequação à legislação. Há, ainda, muitos desafios a serem vencidos, mas o progresso observado é inegável e o GESC, como programa pioneiro e com metodologia de trabalho consolidada, tem grande importância neste processo.

Alfredo Santos, diretor executivo do Igesc

Há casos de sucesso que gostariam de mencionar?

Recentemente, na comemoração dos 20 anos do GESC, recebemos dois representantes de organizações que deram seus depoimentos sobre a importância do GESC em suas trajetórias: “Doutores da Alegria”, que participou do primeiro GESC e “Tenda da Solidariedade”, que participou de uma das mais recentes edições do programa. Ambos apontaram o GESC como um divisor de águas na vida das suas organizações.

Mas, existem inúmeros outros casos, como o GOAS – Grupo de Orientação e Assistência à Saúde, organização de médio porte, na Grande S. Paulo e a Liga Solidária, entidade de grande porte que se tornou parceira do GESC.

Horyou é a rede social para o bem social. De que forma a internet e as redes sociais são significativas para o projeto?

As redes sociais têm um papel importantíssimo a desempenhar para o fortalecimento da sociedade civil. Elas têm forte potencial para mobilização e articulação de pessoas em favor de causas de interesse comum, permitem a ampliação do trabalho em rede, que pode favorecer a troca de experiências, recursos, conhecimentos, bem como a atuação conjunta em projetos de maior porte, que exijam competências diversificadas.

Elas também ajudam a dar escala a iniciativas locais bem-sucedidas, que podem vir a ser replicadas em outros contextos, e podem favorecer a integração e articulação de organizações em escala global, um fator essencial para a construção da cidadania planetária.

Horyou apoia as iniciativas de inovação social que ajudam o mundo a alcançar os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável, e é organizadora do SIGEF, o Fórum de Inovação Social e Ética Global. Seja a mudança, seja Horyou!

Um fundo de investimentos criado para estimular a inovação aplicada ao meio ambiente – essa é uma das estratégias da Inseed Investimentos para estimular o empreendedorismo sustentável no Brasil. João Pirola, diretor da empresa, fala ao Horyou blog sobre como investir em negócios verdes pode ir além do ‘politicamente correto’ e trazer lucros e inovação para o negócio.

Quando o fundo foi lançado e qual a proposta por trás de sua criação?

Dentre as iniciativas de inovação, existe um espaço para as pequenas e médias empresas inovadoras que buscam desenvolver soluções que impactam direta e positivamente o meio ambiente. A principal questão destas empresas menores é ter acesso a recursos para conseguir fazer isso em escala maior e velocidade. Da mesma forma que as grandes empresas industriais têm muito recurso para explorar e para produzir, as pequenas e médias também deveriam ser capazes de acessar recursos para desenvolver suas soluções inovadoras e assim, gerarem grande impacto no meio ambiente. Neste contexto e com esta proposta surgiu o Fundo FIP Inseed FIMA, criado pelo BNDES em 2012, e gerido pela Inseed Investimentos. Empresas do setor de tecnologias limpas, com faturamento de até R$ 20 milhões ao ano, podem candidatar-se a receber aporte de capital do Fundo. São R$ 165 milhões de capital comprometido para aporte em até 20 empresas até o fim de 2017. O Fundo contempla três eixos de investimento: Soluções Ambientais, Tecnologias Avançadas e Agropecuária Sustentável, e Novos Modelos.

João Pirola. Foto Cláudio Camarotta

Um dos grandes temas correntes é a inovação social – você acredita que negócios responsáveis social e ambientalmente podem gerar lucros tão expressivos quanto os de negócios tradicionais?

Sim. Eu diria que empreendedorismo, inovação e meio ambiente são os grandes temas do momento. Tudo que a gente fizer do ponto de vista industrial, econômico, urbano ou agrícola tem que estar dentro de uma equação de menor impacto: Como recuperar aquela matéria prima? Como fazer uma melhor compostagem? Como usar menos agrotóxico? Como fazer mais coisas orgânicas? Mas tudo isso também pensando em rentabilidade e economia, pois o sustentável, a princípio, não pode ser mais caro, se não ele vai criar uma restrição. A nova agenda do século XXI implica inovações tecnológicas e a capacidade de empreendê-las, com o olhar sobre o meio ambiente sempre presente.

Como você vê o futuro da inovação ambiental?

O caminho é o incentivo e o estimulo à inovação tecnológica. A Inseed é gestora de um fundo de inovação em meio ambiente, criado pelo BNDES e pioneiro no Brasil. Acreditamos que grande parte dos problemas ambientais atuais, que foram gerados com a industrialização, ou com a urbanização, podem ser acolhidos, equacionados e até minimizados com a aplicação de inovação tecnológica em diversas áreas. Ao trazermos a temática “inovação ambiental”, queremos convidar o empreendedor a ter um novo olhar sobre o meio ambiente.

Horyou apoia as iniciativas de inovação social que ajudam o mundo a alcançar os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável, e é organizadora do SIGEF, o Fórum de Inovação Social e Ética Global. Seja a mudança, seja Horyou!

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