Film

La communauté Horyou est toujours heureuse de valoriser les projets de nos membres actifs, comme la géographe Marie Storme. Elle a dirigé le film Les Jardins de l’Espoir, qui sera lancé en Avril 2017 aux États-Unis. Le film parle de l’importance des jardins urbains pour la qualité de vie des habitants des villes et leur relation avec la nature. Marie a été interviewée par Horyou blog sur son projet:

Les Jardins de l'espoir sera lancé aux États-Unis en 2017
Les Jardins de l’espoir sera lancé aux États-Unis en 2017

– Racontez-nous un peu votre travail et le projet de réalisation d’un film sur les jardins urbains.

Mon travail de géographe m’a amenée à m’intéresser à ce que les sociétés et les hommes font de leur territoire, et spécialement les territoires urbains. Au fil de mes voyages, j’ai constaté que de nombreuses grandes villes présentaient des points communs mais aussi de subtiles différences. J’ai notamment remarqué que les espaces laissés en friche étaient plus ou moins réutilisés par les habitants. Derrière leur implication pour l’entretien, ils rencontrent pourtant souvent des freins institutionnels qu’ils apprennent à surmonter, comme dans le jardin Herold du 20ème arrondissement à Paris, où le jardin des résidents de Gaunt Street a Lincoln.

Gaunt Street Garden à Lincoln
Gaunt Street Garden à Lincoln

– Quelle est l´histoire du film Jardin de l’espoir?

A travers ces constats, j’ai commencé à parler avec les gens. J’ai découvert dans certaines villes que des groupes spontanés de résidents ou des associations plus formelles s’étaient créés autour d’une idée simple : améliorer le cadre de vie et redonner aux jardins toute leur place dans la vie des habitants, comme à San Francisco où j’ai commencé à filmer. Ce film raconte le parcours des résidents alentour qui se sont regroupés, leurs efforts et leur plaisir de travailler ensemble pour embellir leurs espaces de vie voire même pour faire pousser des légumes et réapprendre à se nourrir.

– Comment des jardins urbains peuvent-ils influer sur le bien être des populations à un moment où la durabilité est un sujet essentiel?

Si l’on veut associer durabilité et bien-être, alors je crois que c’est dans le rapport des êtres humains à la nature que cela prend ses racines. La nature peut nous montrer un rythme de vie plus lent, plus respectueux envers les ressources, moins tourné vers l’hyper consommation et orienté vers la régénération autant de la nature que de nos esprits et de nos relations. La permaculture est un bon exemple de cela.

Le film touche le sujet de la durabilité
Le film touche le sujet de la durabilité

– Quel est le message que vous voulez faire passer avec le film?

Ma première intention était de montrer qu’il existe différentes solutions un peu partout, et que ce n’est pas seulement dans de grandes agglomérations dont on parle beaucoup dans les médias qu’il est possible de réamorcer un retour à plus de nature en ville. Des solutions parfois très simples, parfois un peu plus longues mais qui montrent que la persévérance paie, comme à Genève avec le micro- jardin urbain du Grütli. Étonnamment, le film a eu un impact sur les personnes que j’ai interviewées. Elles sont très désireuses de communiquer et d’échanger des idées, ce qui m’a amenée à mettre le City Council de Lincoln en relation avec une structure de la Ville de Paris. C’est magnifique !

– Pouvez-vous laisser un message pour notre communauté Horyou?

Je pense que les initiatives qui partent des gens sont les plus intéressantes, les mieux adaptées, souvent les plus innovantes et les plus flexibles. La persévérance est un atout majeur quand il faut se confronter à la rigidité des institutions et du système (ou capitaliste ou libéral). Cependant, je crois que toutes ces avancées devraient un jour incomber aux gouvernements : ils doivent prendre leur responsabilité et notamment celle du bien-être des habitants.

Écrit par Vívian Soares

Horyou team was recently invited to watch Freenet, a documentary about the lack of Internet access in many parts of the world and its consequences for democracy, competitiveness and social rights. After the screening, the opinions within the team on the issue of free Internet were so divided that they could not be decided between, which caused us to collectively interview the director of Freenet, Pedro Ekman, whose answers, candid as they were, are challenging meat for thought!

Freenet exhibition in São Paulo, Brazil
Freenet exhibition in São Paulo, Brazil

1. Why did you decide to make a movie about free Internet?

The film is a project of four civil society organizations – Intervozes, Idec, IRS-Rio and Instituto Nupef – working on the defence of civil rights on the Internet. These organizations saw the necessity of producing relevant content that aims to explain to a non expert audience the main recent issues that are under discussion regarding the threats to free Internet and to human rights.

2. The documentary is about how the access to Internet can address inequality and bring competitiveness to people, communities and regions. What has prevented universal access to internet so far?

The market. The commercial interests of corporations that control the access infrastructure is incompatible with the public interest in the universalization of a key service regardless of economic condition. In the places where it came to be considered an essential service to exercise citizenship under secured access, the Internet ceased to be a luxury item to become a social development tool.

3. By controlling Internet access, do governments and corporations control our minds?

By massively monitoring the society and having the possibility to analyze the behavior of people on the network, governments have the ability to draw a true map of our minds. This creates a very bad precedent for the democratic process as we know it, as it may punish dissidents and anticipate political movements. The storage and analysis of all searches that we do on the Internet reveal thoughts that we dare to share with someone else. If governments can analyze that, they may know how we usually think.

4. Does access to the Internet free people?

The Internet can provide access to culture, information and social rights that have been historically denied to populations around the world. It can transform an audience of spectators and consumers into a group that produces and disseminates content. The Internet can make people feel as part of something and not mere spectators by connecting them with others; it can give visibility to groups that were always invisible to the eyes of an extremely concentrated and partial society.

One of the scenes: at the amazon river to show small ISPs connecting isolated communities
One of the scenes: at the amazon river to show small ISPs connecting isolated communities

5. The subject of the democratisation of the Internet is a very interesting but also controversial issue. Have you considered the dark side of the Internet while researching for the movie? What have you found? 

Yes, the same tool capable of amplifying the freedom of expression is also able to put the whole society on oppressive surveillance. The Internet will not necessarily create a more democratic society; we run the risk of having just the opposite. The promise that we can all freely communicate has become a great illusion, either controlled by algorithms that select who gets more visibility and who stays in the shade, or surveillance systems to shy away freedom of expression and advance towards a control society.

6. What is your opinion about the argument that the propagation of the Internet might be the new colonization?

The Internet is a tool that is being fought over by various sectors of society and reflects the correlation of forces in it. No doubt the technological frontier has been increasingly key to the advancement of world powers. The United States and China compete for every centimeter of router market, because they want the information to flow within a technology that they can control. To build technological systems that no one is able to control and that gives maximum transparency to the functioning of the state with total privacy for citizens is the great challenge we are facing today. It is a long and complex battle.

7. A few disturbing scenes in the documentary show slums in Brazil that lack access to some basic needs but have a very informal Internet service. Why should the Internet be a priority for people who live in remote areas where the basic living necessities are still problematic?

Scene of the film showing difference of internet speed between two neighbourhoods
Scene of the film showing difference of internet speed between two neighbourhoods

The idea that the Internet is something that should come after the basic rights is natural only for the middle class and the rich, because they already have met their basic rights and understand the Internet as something nonessential, used to entertainment or to facilitate the work. The poorer populations quickly realized that the Internet is not a luxury item that should come after sanitation. The Internet is a gateway to other rights, a tool that can generate organization and mobilization for the conquest of rights and therefore the poorer populations do not stay idly waiting for their rights be met in a priority queue; it will get the tools they need to transform their reality.

8. Recently, India refused Zuckerberg’s offer of a free Internet infrastructure for fear of a hidden scam. Do you think there is a big corporation movement which supports free Internet in order to get more users/consumers/data?

The Facebook group is not really concerned with providing access to an unlimited network with its huge variety of applications; they are interested in reaching consumers they failed to reach by providing them preferably exclusively with their applications. This serves the interests of corporate shareholders but creates fences and walls around them. We cannot let one or a few corporations decide about what we can or cannot access; we can’t create an unlimited Internet for the elite and a curtailed Internet for the poor. The Internet has to be a great free and unlimited network.

9. Can the Internet really ‘connect’ people around the world? If you go through its content there are often more negative than positive communication. Will it therefore be beneficial to expose to people who live in a relatively closed and traditional environment to such a connection?

I think the Internet can create connections that were impossible before, give visibility to things that were not visible before and amplify voices that could not be heard. And this movement is for good and for evil. The same way the global community can come together to help refugees or victims of natural disasters, so could hatred find an impulse. The Internet can help educate, but it will never replace an in-person educational process; likewise, social networking friends are not as interesting as friends who meet each other. The important thing is to understand that the Internet will not create or finish problems by itself, it is a tool that amplifies and accelerates a range of social relations which build the society we have and will have. The rules governing the way we connect are critical to our future social design. These rules are in contention at the moment all around the world. We must decide what we want to do with this tool and in which society we want to be.

Freenet was launched last month in Brazil and is distributed through a collaborative model. For a free access to the documentary, contact the producers.

Questions by Cintia Pino, Emmanuel Doffou, Joanna Kozik, Vivian Soares and Yue Wang.

Gattiker

Written by Amma Aburam

The International Film Festival and Forum on Human Rights (FIFDH) is held every year at various cinemas and cultural hubs across the city of Geneva. From Feb. 27 to March 8, the Humanitarian Film Festival will bring together producers from around the world as well as a new vision of the impact of films on social actions and good. Horyou got to sit with the director, Isabelle Gattiker, to find out what will make this year’s cinematic event one of a kind.

This is Gattiker’s first year directing the festival. We met her at the cinemas of Maison des Arts du Grütli, where we found a soft-spoken lady with a determined dream of what the festival will bring this time around. She was one of the founders of the festival in 2003 and was its deputy director before leaving to be a movie producer, then eventually returning to what she started. “I’ve always found the basic idea of the festival just very excellent, the idea of having a movie, a subject and a debate all happening in one place,” she said. Her passion is evident. Gattiker On the inspiration behind the selection of films:

The festival comprises fiction films and documentaries. These are divided into three sections for the competitions: fiction and human rights, creative documentaries and OMCT selection (OMCT is the world organization against torture in Geneva). There are a total of 48 films at the festival. “I wanted to have a tight selection that we could really frame correctly. Meaning, I wanted films for which we could have the producers at the festival,” Gattiker said. “I wanted international producers, a balance between the Northern and Southern hemispheres, as well as a variety in subjects. I wanted films that people know as well as some that would be pure discovery. Films such as ‘Citizenfour’ were selected way before we knew it would win an Oscar, for example. It’s a selection purely based on films that are simply good from producers with unique visions.”

On what will make this year’s festival different:

Despite it being her first year directing the festival, Gattiker as a co-founder has always had a hand in it. This year under her full reign, she wanted to focus on interactivity. “Something new this year are the discussion spaces. I included the café in that space so that there is a dedicated place for exchanging ideas and just chit-chatting,” she said. The debate times also help this interactivity. The audience gets to sit with a panel, the producers included, to discuss the film. Edward Snowden was even present via Skype at the debate for “Citizenfour.” The festival also involved social media like never before. “We are live-posting the event and debates on our various social media platforms. On Twitter, we have dedicated hashtags,” Gattiker said. “Even though these platforms are important, they should be complementary.” She emphasized that people need to meet in real life and interact – that’s the point of the debates and discussion spaces.

On engaging the younger generation through critical interaction:

Gattiker clearly has a passion for youth as well as for critical thinking. “We are really interested in young people, in engaging them. It’s hard, but we are able to. For one of our films, ‘Sunrise,’ we had at least 80% of the crowd that were young people,” Gattiker said. She also believes that success with the youth lies in the interactivity of the festival. Between social media and the discussions, young people feel concerned and engaged. They become a part of the creation process when they get to talk to producers in the discussions. “The film alone or the conference alone is of no interest to the young audience,” Gattiker said. “What they want is to discuss and be critical about what they see as much online as during debates.”

On taking the festival a step further:

The festival is not called humanitarian for nothing; it goes beyond the films and transforms thoughts into actions among the many who are inspired by seeing a movie or debating. How? The festival offers real options to act. “We talk about real actions that the audience can engage in after the movie or during debates. It’s during those moments that people have that rush, that desire to change things, so it’s the moment to offer them that possibility,” Gattiker said. For example, projects to house kids in need have been set in place through these action proposals.

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On Dreaming, Inspiring and Acting:

“My dream really is to give meaning to things – I need to disturb order. Not in a total-rebellion sense; I just have a hard time with things that exist that shouldn’t. I need to question things, have critical thinking even though I believe in our systems, in democracy,” Gattiker said. “I also believe critical thinking helps it. Our motto here is watch, debate and act, so it’s quite similar to yours.”

Horyou NYC Screening

The Horyou team in New York held a screening Wednesday showcasing three of HoryouTV-produced documentaries. This was the first official event held by the New York team and it was very successful. The featured documentaries were Green Bronx Machine, ASCOVIME and Hip Hop Saves Lives.

Lizette Ritz, co-founder of Green Bronx Machine, was at the screening and spoke a bit on their steps for the future. She mentioned that this year they will begin to incorporate juicing fruits and vegetables made by the students. Green Bronx Machine was recently announced as the winner of the 2015 TEDxManhattan Award, allowing the founder, Stephen Ritz, the opportunity to speak about his plans for the future of the organization. The Green Bronx Machine documentary can be viewed here!

Chad Harper, founder and CEO of Hip Hop Saves Lives, along with Johwell St-Cilien Vision, co-founder of Negus World, were also in attendance. They discussed the future of their organizations and how they have begun to work together at schools in the Bronx. In the coming months, Hip Hop Saves Lives and Negus World will have its own red carpet event for the students that participated in the program. Here is where students will get the opportunity to see what their classmates have created, both lyrically and on screen. You can watch the Hip Hop Saves Lives documentary here!

These are just three of the phenomenal organizations featured at the screening. Horyou New York looks forward to the next one on March 25! Horyou NYC

Maison Des Arts Du Grutli

Written by Amma Aburam

On February 18, an HoryouTV documentary screening was held in Geneva at the Maison des Arts du Grutli. This was one of the five screenings held by the Horyou Geneva team. The event was a diverse gathering of around 50 people from the area for the showing of these four new HoryouTV documentaries: Tous a Table, ASCOVIME, Un Meilleur a Venir (A Better Future) and Hip Hop Saves Lives. Among the attendees were various organizations from Geneva such as EcoAttitude, One Action and Une Main pour le Lendemain (A hand for tomorrow). Personalities like artist Florentina Tintiris Keller, filmmaker Rui Noguiera and Atona Damachi from Ours Magazine were also present.

HoryouTV Screening The documentaries highlighted associations from various locations. In Paris, we saw Flavio Nervegna, who through his association, Tous a Table, organized the first gastronomical, musical and solidarity festival at Carreau du Temple (a covered market in the third arrondissement of Paris). From the South of France, a documentary about the association Un Meilleur a Venir following Jules Morain and Stephanie Pereira, two youths sharing their vision of bettering the lives of the homeless through concrete actions. We also virtually traveled to Cameroon with Doctor Georges Bwelle behind the association ASOVIME. Bwelle founded ASOVIME after dealing with his father’s sudden illness and realizing that it could have been prevented had they had the proper facilities. Bwelle became a doctor and with ASOVIME, he travels to rural areas to provide free medical care. Finally, we followed Hip Hop Saves Lives with Chad Harper in New York City, where he teaches kids humanity and history through hip hop music and dance.

projection_Paris_1er juillet_équipe et invités

Many have been asking us how Horyou is different from the other social networks. Fair enough. With multitudes of flourishing social networks out there, how does one separate the wheat from the chaff? Attend our screenings to find out in detail. But let’s start from the beginning!

Our media team made a first series of documentaries. They are short movies documenting the great work of some Organizations registered on Horyou. The team has met very charismatic figures and followed them on their missions in France, Cameroon and Morocco. Lucky them! These organizations are working in different fields such as social and professional rehabilitation, access to medical care, access to culture and education – and they are all doing amazing work.

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Since early July, our offices in Paris and Geneva have been organizing screenings to present these movies, introduce Horyou to the public and help these organizations gain broader visibility.

So far, we have held three events, with many more already in the pipeline. We welcomed journalists and bloggers, of course, but also Personalities and caring internet users interested in our action-oriented social network – all in a friendly atmosphere.

We have already received awesome feedback. We are so proud of our media team, which has succeeded in creating moving documentaries, providing us with a glimpse of life we would otherwise know nothing about, inspiring to act on their behalf. And many have confirmed that success. According to Christian Holl, the famous sounds hunter who attended one of the screenings: “These movies are Horyou’s DNA.” And we think he was right. They are the best way to understand what Horyou is.

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What is the next step? Our media team will go to the United States to document more organizations and plan a screening in our New York office in the near future. Exciting, isn’t it?

And for those of you who did not see our documentaries yet, no worries! They will go public soon. You will be able to enjoy them on Horyou TV as well.

projection_ Genève_16 juillet équipe_invités

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