Africa

Depuis dix ans, l’association “Action sociale” soutient des enfants et adolescents, notamment dans les communautés plus vulnérables au Cameroun, en leur offrant un accompagnement psychologique et psychosocial. En 2018, cette organisation active sur notre plate-forme Horyou fête son dixième anniversaire avec des résultats impressionnants – plus de 100 familles d’enfants vivant avec un handicap ont été accompagnés, pendant qu’environ 2000 entretiens psychologiques ont été menés auprès d’enfants et enseignants dans les écoles camerounaises et que plus de 1000 enfants on été sensibilisés contre les maladies sexuellement transmissibles. Horyou a interviewé le président de l’association, Eustache Essouma.

 

Action Sociale au Cameroun

Pouvez-vous nous présenter brièvement “Action sociale”?

L’association “Action sociale” est née en janvier 2008 du besoin de rendre la communauté accessible à la psychologie. C’est une association à but non lucratif. Ses principales cibles sont les enfants et les mamans adolescentes. “Action sociale” rêve d’une société exempte des maladies chroniques et mentales où les populations sont épanouies et adoptent des comportements positifs et responsables. L’association mène des actions de communication sociale, de prise en charge psychologique ou psychosociale et d’insertion socio-économique dans la communauté par les psychologues, les chercheurs, les consultants, les volontaires, les bénévoles et les membres en vue d’améliorer le bien-être des populations. Sa mission est de lutter contre les maladies chroniques et mentales des populations en organisant des campagnes de mobilisation et de sensibilisation, ainsi que des séances de suivi et d’accompagnement psychologique ; d’épanouir les mamans adolescentes à travers l’insertion socio-économique et de changer positivement les comportements des populations à travers la conception et la production des jeux de société. “Action sociale” intervient aux niveaux de la communication sociale, la santé mentale, la santé communautaire, l’insertion socioéconomique des mamans adolescentes, la formation et la recherche.

Vous éduquez des jeunes sur les sujets sensibles comme le HIV et ses conséquences. Comment aborder ce genre de questions d’une façon effective et délicate en travaillant avec ce public?

Nous utilisons des films et des jeux pour sensibiliser nos cibles. Pour nous l’image et le jeu sont faciles pour une prise de conscience et pour faire passer le message.

Y a-t-il eu une réalisation qui a eu une importance toute particulière pour vous ces dernières années?

Nous avons réussi à créer un jeu de société qui permet de lutter contre les inégalités de genre, de stigmatisation et de discrimination des personnes vivant avec le handicap. En 2018 nous voulons en faire la promotion et le vulgariser.

Enfants jouent avec le jeu de societé

Si vous pouviez partager un message avec l’ensemble des membres de la communauté Horyou, quel serait-il?

Horyou est une plate-forme de communication. Elle est très importante pour les ONG et associations. Nous encourageons tout le monde à se l’approprier.

Every time we decide to buy something, from vegetables to cars, we are making a choice that affects a long chain of production. We must make sure that these daily choices are sustainable if we want to build a better future.

Photo: UNDP

In Bangladesh, thousands of workers face the same daily struggle: sewing for 12 or more hours a day in clandestine factories, making only enough money to survive, while allowing for fast-fashion brands to sell their clothes for affordable prices. In Brazil, farmers use pesticides, putting profits before their workers and consumers health, and killing bees and birds without whom no healthy and natural environment is possible. Do we really want to continue to support a chain of exploitation and environmental damage?

SDG 12 is about sustainable consumption and production – and it has everything to do with our choices and priorities as individuals. However, it also needs the support of governments and international organizations to define norms and policies to ensure we build better business practices.

UNDP has raised the flag of soil, water and air pollution, and exposure to toxic chemicals challenges. Despite the many international agreements, only about half the parties to the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm conventions that regulate disposal of waste, pesticides and organic pollutants have provided the data and information they had agreed to. Consumption and, consequently, waste, have been increasing in the last 15 years, feeding chains like modern slavery and causing health and social problems.

We can do better as a society! Apart from carefully choosing what we buy and where, we should show a preference for regional and seasonal products and brands that are committed to sustainable regulations. We should act like responsible citizens and put pressure on our governments and organizations to implement better policies that are bound to guarantee a fair production.

We can also support organizations that undertake serious work in sustainable agriculture, and subscribe to eco-conscious and fair trade conduct. On our Horyou platform, one of the most active organizations is Food and Agriculture Initiatives for Development (FAID NGO), which is committed to biodiversity and healthy agriculture, and aims to reach Zero Hunger in Benin, Africa. In Europe, Terre et Humanisme, a French NGO, also promotes agro-ecology to provide food autonomy to vulnerable communities and educate the public on safe and natural consumption.

If you wish to support this SDG, you can do so through Horyou. Go to Horyou platform and choose an NGO or project that helps promote sustainable consumption and production in your region or anywhere in the world. You can also show your support by participating in #HoryouLightChallenge! Be the change, be Horyou!

Une organisation active sur notre plate-forme Horyou, l’ONG FAID – Food and Agriculture Initiatives for Development – travaille sur les projets agro-écologiques au Bénin dans l’espoir de promouvoir le dévéloppement durable en stimulant une agriculture équitable et une alimentation saine. Nous avons interviewé Vianio Kougblénou, secrétaire executif de l’ONG, qui nous a inspirés avec ses idées et projets pour l’environnement et l’éducation!

ONG Faid au Benin

Pouvez-vous nous raconter en quelques mots votre histoire et vos projets ?

Tout est parti d’un amour partagé entre personnes venant d’horizons divers pour une agriculture et une alimentation plus «saines et équitables», au regard des conséquences sanitaires graves et grandissantes de la production conventionnelle et des pertes et gaspillages alimentaires notoires, cause majeure de la famine. De Juin 2017 à ce jour, nous avons appuyé la création de trois jardins solaires et communautaires ; sensibilisé les élèves à ce que doit être l’agriculture à l’ère du changement climatique ; fait la production agro-écologique de semences de légumes menacées et en avons fait don aux écoles et aux maraîchers ; fait de la transformation de produits pour éviter leur gaspillage (fruit à pain, curcuma, tomates, farine de maïs sans amidon, jus de fruits bio…).

Quels sont les objectifs les plus importants de votre organisation ?

L’ONG FAID a pour mission principale la valorisation des filières agricoles et animales en passant par leur organisation, production et transformation en vue d’assurer la sécurité alimentaire et de lutter efficacement contre les pertes et gaspillages, source d’extrême pauvreté. Nous voulons encadrer les producteurs et les sensibiliser à la gestion optimale des ressources pour une agriculture et une alimentation «saines et équitables» ; motiver et piloter des initiatives, projets et activités axés sur la réduction des pertes et gaspillages alimentaires ; offrir une assistance nutritionnelle aux orphelins, aux handicapés et aux personnes fragilisées ; assainir l’environnement et valoriser la filière agricole et animale.

L’ONG FAID a le soutien et un partenariat avec Slow Food International

Quels sont vos projets pour 2018 ?

A l’ONG FAID, préserver de façon soutenable la biodiversité est notre passion! Pour relever ce défi majeur, en 2018, nous comptons développer et vulgariser l’agri-technologie «GléSika», une innovation qui permet de résoudre le problème de gestion optimale d’eau du côté de la pépinière. Autre projet, “One School = One agro-ecological Garden”, projet d’Éducation à l’Environnement et au Développement Durable (EEDD) lancé en 2017 avec le soutien financier de Slow Food International, suivi de dons de kits de démarrage ou de renforcement de jardins scolaire ou pédagogiques. Il y a aussi le projet-programme «Jardins des Pêches», visant à faire de Cotonou une ville durable en matière de productions végétales et animales. Démarré en phase pilote en 2017, nous y faisons déjà de la production organique de lapins et de volailles locales et de la production de semences des espèces végétales menacées.

Projet Jardin des Pêches

Voulez-vous laisser un message pour notre communauté Horyou ?

Les obstacles à la préservation de l’environnement sont institutionnels, financiers et politiques, et l’on sait comment les lever : il s’agit de développer et de promouvoir un partenariat mondial (Nord-Sud) pour la gestion de projets climato-compatibles. La transition écologique est avant tout une question d’attitude, une question spirituelle. Le Climat devra être considéré comme un bien commun, et gérer en tant que tel. “Ensemble œuvrons donc pour une production plus juste, plus sobre et plus respectueuse des écosystèmes”.

The 6th United Nation Sustainable Development Goal is about providing clean and safe access to the most precious liquid on earth for all.

Water and Sanitation for all. Photo: UNDP Philippines

Two years ago, a major environmental disaster struck Brazil – the liquid waste reservoir of the mining company Samarco burst, wiping out a village, killing 11 people and poisoning the waters of the Rio Doce, a water source that supplies two Brazilian states. The riverside population and fishermen have been facing difficult times since. The water is still unsafe to drink, and the iron contamination has exterminated the local fauna. Scientists predict it would take 100 years for the river to fully recover from the catastrophe. And what of the fundamental right to a safe source of water? The question remains unanswered and it’s an everyday struggle for all communities to exercise their right to satisfy this basic need.

The 6th UN Sustainable Development Goal aims to provide access to safe water and sanitation and sound management of freshwater ecosystems for all by 2030. Both are essential to human health, as well as to environmental sustainability and economic prosperity.

The UNDP reports that over 90 per cent of the world’s population uses improved drinking water sources and over two-thirds use improved sanitation facilities. Yet, most rural areas in underdeveloped countries have to cope with the lack of both, and the resulting bad health consequences. «Achieving universal access to basic sanitation and ending the unsafe practice of open defecation will require substantial acceleration of progress», says the report published in 2017.

A fourth of global population lives in countries with water stress, meaning they are vulnerable to future water scarcity by not having enough renewable sources. Countries in Northern Africa and Western Asia already face severe water stress. This is a matter of public policy; however, the participation of other actors, including organizations and local communities, is key to effective water and sanitation management.

WESDE trains health agents to act within communities

Within our Horyou community, the organization WESDE – Water, Energy and Sanitation for Development is very active in providing integrated water resources management, sanitation and health education in Cameroon. WESDE acts in both rural and urban areas, supporting the most vulnerable populations with information and resources for development.

Another member of the Horyou platform, EAA Burundi, created in 1988, is active in more than 35 African countries, as well as in Israel. It helps supply drinking water, using innovative solutions like dry latrines and simplified sewer networks, while supporting the communities through agricultural, financial and development projects.

If you wish to support this SDG, you can do so through Horyou. Go to Horyou platform and choose an NGO or project that helps promote water and sanitation in your region or anywhere in the world. Your support can be made easier and more effective with Spotlight, our digital currency for impact. Check it out and start using it to engage in any cause you feel concerned about. Be the change, be Horyou!

The 4th UN Sustainable Development Goal relates to education and change. How to implement inclusive and quality education for all, and promote lifelong learning, to build a fairer society.

Children in Pakistani School. Photo: UNDP

Malala Yousafzai was only 12 years old when she wrote a moving blog article about her life in Pakistan under the Taliban regime. Her bravery almost cost Malala her life – she was shot by a gunman and had to flee her country to remain safe. Things have changed for her since. Her voice was now heard and she became famous in global media for advocating education for girls in her country. Last summer, Malala received the news that she was accepted at the prestigious Oxford University. She’s a good example that education can change people, build dreams, move the world.

Like Malala in her early years, many children have poor or no access to education. According to the UN, 57 million children are out of school. Half of them live in conflict-affected areas. Even when they do go to school, it is often not enough to provide them with the basic education: 103 million youth lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 percent of them are women. The most vulnerable groups are persons with disabilities, indigenous people, refugee children and poor children in rural areas.

Some progress has been achieved in the last 17 years – more schools have access to computers, and schooling is growing; yet the numbers are unequal and can’t always equate with quality. «Even though more children than ever are going to school, many do not acquire basic skills in reading and mathematics», said a recent assessment report published by the UN. Teachers do not have proper training and the poor conditions of schools in many parts of the world jeopardize quality education prospects.

Funds for infrastructure and training are needed, as well as public policies that prioritize quality education. Many non-government organizations have acted tirelessly to improve the situation, especially in the most affected regions and with the most vulnerable groups.

Girls education is a critical issue for our society. Photo: Ma belle école

On the Horyou platform, the NGO Avante – Educação e Mobilização Social, based in Brazil, provides empowering education to children in poor and socially vulnerable communities. In addition to funding teacher training and tech inclusion in schools, it promotes citizenship, encourages gender and racial identity debates with children, their families and social actors and train them to become community leaders.

The association Ma Belle École works within school inclusion projects in developing countries. Through individual sponsorship programmes, it provides children with regular access to school in conflict-affected countries like Syria and Mali. It also helps their families, providing them with food and other basic resources, so children are not forced to abandon education and thus be used as cheap labor.

If you wish to support this SDG, you can do so through Horyou. Go to Horyou platform and choose an NGO or project that helps promote education in your region or anywhere in the world. Your support can be made easier and more effective with Spotlight, our digital currency for impact. Check it out and start using it to engage in any cause you feel concerned about. Be the change, be Horyou!

Every baby taking its first breath is a potential actor of change. Every teenager living in a healthy environment has the potential to create a stable and happy family. Every woman with access to a safe childbirth is potentially a loving mother. Health is an essential condition to change the world for the better.

Photo: UNDP

What would the world be like when deaths are not caused by neglected or badly treated diseases anymore? The UN Sustainable Development Goal number 3 aims to ensure healthy lives and well-being for all at all ages.

It does not mean that we would no more have diseases and deaths, but that we would minimize avoidable mistakes and negligence. Global maternity mortality ratio, for instance, would be reduced to less than 70 per 100,000 and epidemics of infectious diseases would end by 2030. Road accidents, tobacco-related illnesses and other health conditions caused by lack of access to treatment would not be part of our daily lives either.

According to the UN, many advances have been made on the health front worldwide since 2000. Yet we still have to face realities such as the ones we find in sub-Saharan regions whereby only 53% live births are assisted by skilled people and mortality among children under 5 years of age is 84‰, almost twice global rates. Part of the solution is to prevent early and unintended pregnancies by fighting child marriages and spreading reproductive education; but there is an urgent need to invest and train in skilled care and sound health policies worldwide.

Infectious diseases are yet another challenge to face – HIV, tuberculosis and hepatitis B epidemics continue to plague many countries -, and the solution lies in prevention. Vaccines, sanitation and hygiene, as well as sexual education are to be improved. The same applies to premature deaths caused by depression, alcohol and tobacco, all of which are taboo ailments in several regions.

Many of these health risks are directly related to poor quality medical assistance and lack of health coverage and funding, especially in underdeveloped regions. Available data from 2005 to 2015 indicate that over 40% countries count less than one physician per 1,000 people, and around half have fewer than three nurses or midwives per 1,000 people. Almost all least developed countries count less than one physician and fewer than three nurses or midwives per 1,000 people.

Many organizations and social projects did produce some improvement. Child Family Health International, an NGO that is active on our Horyou platform, is one fine example of community-based global health education programs for students and institutions that aim at empowering local communities. CFHI acts on undergraduate medical schools curricula and publishes papers and publications on global health safety on a regular basis.

Based in Cameroon, Ascovime, yet another active member of the Horyou community, runs educational health campaigns and provides free medical consultation and surgery to isolated communities throughout the country. Ascovime was founded by Dr. Georges Bwelle, a surgeon at the Central Hospital in Yaoundé and a CNN Hero.

If you wish to support this SDG, you can do so through Horyou. Go to Horyou platform and choose an NGO or project that helps promote health and well-being in your region or anywhere in the world. Your support can be made easier and more effective with Spotlight, our digital currency for impact. Check it out and start using it to engage in any cause you feel concerned about. Be the change, be Horyou!

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